CHEM& 162: General Chemistry II

Class Program
Weekly Contact Hours
Course ID
Meets Degree Requirements For
Natural Science with Lab

A study of the types of bonding between atoms, molecular structure and geometry, the principal states of matter focusing on liquids, solids, and solutions, rates of chemical reactions, chemical equilibria, and acid-base chemistry. Includes laboratory.

Grading Basis

Course Learning Outcomes

Core Topics


  1. Ionic and covalent bonding, Lewis structures, electronegativity and polarity considerations, resonance, and formal charge
    Lab: Check in and the Scientific Method in Action
  2. Bond length, strength, and order. Molecular geometry and the VSEPR model; valence bond theory, orbital hybridization
    Lab: Geometric Structure of Molecules
  3. Bonding theory continued - basic molecular orbital theory, bonding vs. antibonding orbitals,  and  bonds, delocalized molecular orbitals
    Lab: Classification of Chemical Substances
  4. States of matter, phase changes, phase diagrams, properties of liquids, intermolecular forces
    Lab: Determination of Water Hardness via Titration I
  5. Types and properties of solids, crystalline solids and the unit cell, packing considerations in solids, X-ray diffraction of crystalline solids, liquid crystals
    Lab: Determination of Water Hardness via Titration II
  6. Solutions, solubility, and solvation, temperature and pressure effects, Henry’s Law, quantification of solution concentration revisited, colligative properties and molality, vapor pressure, mole fraction, and Raoult’s Law
    Lab: Work on water analysis term project
  7. Solutions continued: distillation, freezing-point depression and boiling point elevation, colloidal dispersions. Equilibrium: the relationship between reaction rate and equilibrium, the equilibrium constant and equilibrium expression, heterogeneous vs. homogeneous equilibria
    Lab: Properties of Systems in Equilibrium - LeChâtelier’s Principle
  8. Equilibria continued – evaluation of the equilibrium constant, LeChâtelier’s Principle Chemical kinetics: factors influencing reaction rates, determination of reaction rate, reaction order and rate laws
    Lab: Rates of Chemical Reactions I – The Iodination of Acetone
  9. Kinetics continued – collision and transition state theories, reaction coordinate diagrams and activation energy, the Arrhenius equation, reaction mechanisms, and catalysis
    Lab: Rates of Chemical Reactions II – A Clock Reaction
  10. Acids and Bases: Arrhenius, BrØnsted-Lowry, and Lewis definitions, strengths of acids and bases, the autoionization of water and pH, acid and base equilibria, Ka, Kb, pKa, pKb, conjugate acids and bases, buffers, the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation, salt and common ion effects, titration curves. Group projects due
    Lab: Determination of the Molar Mass of an Unknown Acid via Titration