First of three elementary education math courses. Includes rigorous examination of topics including number theory, operations and algorithms of real numbers, place value, proportions/percents, and functions. Emphasizes mathematically precise language, mathematical fluency, problem solving, modeling, communication of mathematical ideas, analysis of difficulties in teaching/learning, and other math/educational topics for Pre-K-8.

Appropriate assessment score, or a grade of “C” (2.0) or higher in MATH 99 or a college-level math class, or a grade of “3” of higher on the Smarter Balanced exam. Evidence of competency in MATH 99 is required for this course to transfer. Recommended prerequisite: grade of “C” (2.0) or higher for ENGL 97 or equivalent. MATH& 171, MATH& 172, MATH& 173 can be taken out of order with instructor permission.

### Course Learning Outcomes

### Core Topics

- Mathematical problem solving through reasoning, patterns, and logic
- Operations on and properties of integers, fractions, and decimals
- Developing PreK – 8 students’ conceptual understanding from simple operations with manipulative items through the standard algorithms
- Number theory including primes, divisibility, divisors, and multiples
- Proportional reasoning, percents and their applications
- Functions and their various representations.